The first signs of testicular cancer in most cases are unilateral painless swelling or hardening of the testicle. This may be accompanied by an accumulation of fluid in the testicular area - a hydrocele. Also, inflammatory-like changes that do not improve with antibiotic treatment may be indicative of cancer and require further clarification. Be sure to pay attention to the following warning signs:
palpable, painless testicular lump swelling or pain in the testicles feeling of heaviness or pulling in the testicles or inguinal fold swelling or tenderness of the breasts on one or both sides
In advanced cases of the disease, back pain is possible, which is caused by an increase in lymph nodes in the retroperitoneal space.