Phlebeurysm - the most common pathology of peripheral vessels. Signs of this disease are detected in 75 % of the working population, mainly in women. The disease is manifested by varicose veins with the development of chronic venous insufficiency syndrome. Clinical manifestations of varicose veins change in the course of its development and depend on the stage of the disease.

The most important etiological factors in the development of varicose veins of the lower extremities include:

  • hereditary predisposition (the presence of this pathology in both parents increases the risk of inheriting the disease up to 60%)
  • overweight (weight gain by 20% leads to a fivefold increase in the risk of developing varicose veins)
  • prolonged static loads and low physical activity
  • female gender and dyshormonal conditions (use of hormonal contraception, hormone replacement therapy during pre- and postmenopause to treat early manifestations of menopausal syndrome, as well as to prevent late metabolic disorders)
  • multiple pregnancies and childbirth - this is due to overstretching of the anterior abdominal wall and pressure of the fetus on the veins of the small pelvis
  • physical inactivity - a sedentary lifestyle, especially a sedentary one, leads to stagnation of blood in the legs

The most dangerous complications of varicose veins:

  • Deep vein thrombosis
  • Ascending thrombosis of various segments of the venous bed
  • Pulmonary embolism
  • Thrombophlebitis of the great or small saphenous vein
  • In the presence of anatomical pathology of the heart - heart attacks and strokes
Professor, MD, PhD
Chief Physician and Head of the Cardiac Surgery Clinic
Professor, MD, PhD
Head of the vascular surgery clinic
Professor, MD, PhD
Head of the vascular surgery clinic