The Nephrology Center is an association of four Centers for kidney disease and hemodialysis (artificial kidney). The center was founded in 1985. It currently has 100 beds for patients with severe renal failure requiring dialysis.
The field of activity of the Nephrology Clinic is acute and chronic kidney diseases, including systemic diseases involving the kidneys, as well as pre-treatment and postoperative treatment of patients with kidney transplantation. In addition, the clinic specializes in diseases that are difficult to regulate blood pressure. The clinic has developed into an important industry in the treatment of patients with immunological and non-immunological systemic diseases. Examples of this spectrum of diseases are vasculitis (immune inflammation of small blood vessels) or amyloidosis, thickening of blood vessels as a result of the deposition of protein in them, especially in the kidneys, heart and tissues of the nervous system. In addition, the clinic treats patients with diabetic kidney disease.
The clinic offers patients all forms of renal replacement therapy, including hemodialysis (blood purification), peritoneal dialysis (peritoneal dialysis), as well as special methods of blood plasma treatment (plasma replacement therapy, immunoadsorption, etc.) Along with renal replacement therapy, great importance in our clinic is given to prevention of chronic renal failure (limited kidney function). At the same time, the staff of the Nephrology Clinic diagnose both primary kidney diseases, such as glomerulonephritis, which is the second most common cause of kidney failure, or interstitial nephritis (a special form of inflammation of the kidneys), as well as secondary kidney diseases. The latter include, first of all, diabetic nephropathy (a kidney disease caused by diabetes) and renovascular (affecting the vessels of the kidneys) diseases, as well as immunological and malignant systemic diseases.
Severe hypertension (high blood pressure) is most often caused by kidney disease. Also, in this area, actual diagnostics, differential diagnostics and differentiated therapy are the field of activity of nephrologists. Cooperation with the gynecological clinic provides successful treatment of pregnant patients with systemic diseases and various forms of hypertension, including preeclampsia and eclampsia (pregnancy-induced increase in blood pressure) and HELLP syndrome (a rare, dangerous complication of pregnancy-induced increase in blood pressure).
Another important clinical challenge is treatment of patients with renal insufficiency and simultaneous disease of the cardiovascular system. In this group of patients, nephrologists interact both in diagnostic and therapeutic activities with the clinics of cardiology, pulmonology and angiology, as well as with the thoracic and cardiovascular clinics.