Preparing for the operation
If the patient suffers from chronic diseases, a consultation with a therapist is necessary. The patient's history is carefully studied, the patient is questioned, x-rays of the affected joint are examined. Before surgery, it is necessary to treat the teeth affected by caries at the dentist to reduce the risk of purulent complications.
The operation usually takes 60-90 minutes. In arthroplasty of the joints of the lower extremities, spinal anesthesia is widely used, in which a local anesthetic is injected into the spinal canal. In addition, operations are performed under general anesthesia.
Every day of inpatient stay, the patient is examined by an operating surgeon. Approximately on the 14th postoperative day, the sutures are removed and, if necessary, a control x-ray is taken.
Restrictions after surgery
After the operation, the leg is fixed with a special bandage and is at rest. The next day after the operation, the patient is mobilized with the help of a physiotherapist. As a rule, drains are removed from the postoperative wound 2 days after the operation. Within 1 week after the operation, the necessary partial load on the sole is carried out using two crutches supported on the forearms.
Medications after surgery
Most often, the patient takes painkillers for 2-3 weeks after surgery. Along with the necessary pain therapy, continuous thromboprophylaxis is required for 4-6 weeks after surgery. This prophylaxis is carried out by daily subcutaneous injections, for example, in the thigh or abdomen. In most cases, medical protection of the gastric mucosa from irritation by its analgesics is carried out.
Head of the Orthopedics and Traumatology Clinic
Head of the Center for Special Orthopedic Surgery, Onco-Orthopedics and Revision Surgery
Head of Orthopedics Clinic
Head of the Orthopedics Clinic and Endoprosthesis Center